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This page lists key terms used during the masjidain attacks coronial process.

For more general information about what coroners do and what happens when a death is referred to a coroner, please see the Ministry of Justice’s coronial services webpages. The Ministry’s guide to coronial services also contains an overview of the coronial process and other information that will help you to understand the Coroner’s Inquiry into the masjidain attacks.

For language translations of the Glossary, please go to our language and translation support page.



General coronial terms

Chief Coroner

 The Chief Coroner is the head of the Coroners Court.


A qualified lawyer appointed as a judicial officer to investigate the cause and circumstances of unexpected, violent or suspicious deaths.

Coroners Court

The Coroners Court is made up of the Chief Coroner and a mix of fulltime coroners and part-time relief coroners, with support from the Coronial Services Unit at the Ministry of Justice.

Coronial inquest

If the coroner needs to hear from witnesses in person, they’ll hold a hearing in court, which is called an inquest. Inquests aren’t always held in courtrooms, however – they may be held somewhere else that’s suitable.

Witnesses can give evidence and may be cross-examined. Families of the person who has died, Interested Parties, and sometimes members of the public, may attend an inquest.


Coronial inquiry

A coroner holds an inquiry to find out more about who the person was, and where, when and how they died. An inquiry also helps the coroner to make recommendations or comments that might prevent a similar death happening in the future. Not all deaths referred to the coroner involve an inquiry or result in recommendations being made.

Coronial investigation

The process of gathering information and answering questions that relate to a death that’s been referred to the coroner. The investigation helps the coroner to decide, for example, whether to open a coronial inquiry or hold an inquest.

Coronial jurisdiction

The extent or limit of the power or authority of the Coroners Court or the coroner.

Coronial process

The coronial process starts when the coroner accepts the referral of an unexpected, violent or suspicious death from the police. The process ends with the coroner issuing:

  • a certificate that states the cause of death to the family of the person who died, or
  • their finding about the cause and circumstances of the death after undertaking further investigation.


Information gathered to support a case. Evidence can include:

  • written or spoken statements from witnesses
  • documents, photographs, maps and recordings.



A written report about the facts of a death that also includes the coroner’s reasoning. Recommendations or comments that might prevent a similar death happening in the future may be included, but not always.

A finding is usually the last step in the coronial process.



A legal proceeding where an issue of law or fact is debated and the parties present evidence and submissions to the court.

Hearing on the papers

At a hearing ‘on the papers’, the coroner reads all the evidence in their office (their chambers). Then they release their finding. Family members and witnesses don’t attend a hearing on the papers.

Interested Parties

The immediate family of someone who has died has the right to be kept informed and be involved in certain decisions relating to a coronial investigation.

Interested Parties can be other people or organisations that the coroner considers also has a particular interest in the death. Their interest needs to be more than, or different to, a member of the general public.

Legal Aid

Legal aid is government funding to pay for legal representation, usually for people who can't afford a lawyer.


An official statement of a judge or coroner. It can include an order to do something, a summary of something that has happened in court, or a decision that has been made.

Scope of Inquiry

These are the issues that will be investigated by the coroner in the inquiry.

Significant matters

Important events during the coronial process that Interested Parties need to be officially informed of. Examples of significant matters can include:

  • the opening and closing of an inquiry
  • where and when an inquest is held.


An argument that’s presented to the coroner. It can be written or spoken. In this case, submissions include the issues and concerns submitted to the coroner by families of the people who have died, and by Interested Parties.

Terms specific to the masjidain attacks coronial investigation


The Arabic term for mosques.
During this investigation, it refers to the two mosques that were attacked – Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Mosque in Christchurch.

Royal Commission of Inquiry

The Royal Commission that was set up to investigate whether government agencies had done all they could to protect the people of Aotearoa New Zealand from terrorist attacks and whether more can be done in the future to prevent another attack.